The Vermont Labor Market Departments of Employment & Training / Labor & Industry Vermont Department of February, 2000 Vol. XXXVIII Employment & Training P.O. Box 488 • Montpelier, Vermont 05601-0488 • Tel.: (802) 828-4000 • FAX: (802) 828-4022 http://www.det.state.vt.us Labor & Industry section begins on page 10 Commissioner's Message Recruitment Strategies
doing to augment traditionalrecruitment and retentionefforts.
Recruitment has historically been one of the greatest challenges
for employers, and in a statewide, even nationwide tight labor
market, the struggle to hire qualified workers can be overwhelming.
The familiar methods of “job fairs”, radio and newspaper advertising,
even Internet recruiting are proving inadequate. The times require
aggressive and innovative approaches, including identifying and
alleviating potential barriers such as lack of transportation and
In order to prevent the need for constantly refilling positions due
to high turnover, retention strategies must be an integral part of the
recruitment effort. Successful businesses recognize that retention
starts with recruitment. The following initiative demonstrates what
Unemployment Rates January (SA) 2000 Rates Vermont and U.S.
year, free bus transportation isprovided 7 days a week between
Percent 3 Commissioner's
Allen upon completion, it is very likely that many will do so. Message –
Employers are also banding together to offer training programs
designed to increase the pool of skilled applicants. A consortium ofemployers in Chittenden County worked closely with the Lake
Stratton Mountain. In other areas Champlain Workforce Investment Board to develop a program forwhere public transportation is manufacturing workers. The project recently received grant moneyalready available, efforts have to continue the program to train workers in many skill areasbeen successful in changing bus including print interpretation, shop math, quality assurance andschedules to better fit employers’ product and process control. needs.
Many employers are bolstering recruitment by increasing the
Employers throughout the flexibility of their work schedules. Willingness to accept job sharing,
state have been offering flex schedules, and part-time work schedules can greatly increase thenumerous financial incentives to pool of available workers. One major southern Vermont manufacturerincrease the odds of hiring recently advertised for production workers who were available forqualified individuals. In partial shifts, or for as few as 2 full shifts per week. While suchChittenden County, a heating flexibility isn’t always feasible, it is very attractive to parents, students,and ventilating company is older workers, workers with disabilities, and those who simply desireoffering a $1,000.00 signing part-time work. The willingness of many employers to provide pro-bonus for any experienced HVAC rated benefits to part-time workers supports their value in thetechnician who accepts an offer workplace. of employment. Other
As employers expand their recruitment base, they may need to
companies have offered assume responsibility for relocation assistance. Since a tight housingincentives to current workers who market usually accompanies a tight labor market, it may be necessaryrefer friends or relatives who are to provide more than a cursory referral to a real estate agent. Severalhired; employees are often given Vermont businesses own condominiums that are made available toa partial payment at the time of relocating workers while they look for permanent housing. Also, inhire and an additional amount if an effort to alleviate the stress on families that accompanies relocation,the workers stay on for a period efforts are made to make the spouse and family members moreof time.
comfortable. This may include taking the family to dinner, touring
Partnerships between learning local schools and recreational facilities, etc. Helping the entire family
institutions and employers have adjust can go a long way in recruiting and retaining employees fromalso been developed to help ease other parts of the country. the critical shortage of workers.
Finally, recruitment must be viewed as a multi-faceted effort
In the Burlington area, Fletcher requiring the coordination of all available resources. All VermontAllen Health Care is offering employers are urged to use the services of the Department of$4500.00 scholarships to any Employment & Training in their recruitment efforts. Employerapplicant who enrolls in the two- Resource Consultants are available at each of our 12 Career Resourceyear respiratory therapy program Centers to assist you in developing and implementing a comprehensiveat Champlain College. Although recruitment plan. individuals who receive thescholarships are not required toaccept employment at Fletcher
Notebook Out-of-School Task Force Economic Employment Trends
which gained 5,950 jobs. Whencompared to a year ago January, services
Spotcheck Local Unemployment Rates (Not Seasonally Adjusted) Town/City* Unemployment Trends
manufacturing, retail trade, and servicesand could be due to a continuing strong
economy resulting in fewer seasonal after
unemployment rate of 2.7 percent forJanuary remained unchanged from
January unadjusted estimates decreasedby 6,400 jobs. This decrease is less than
what is normally seen for this period due
affected by the ski industry remainedstrong with higher than usual increases.
educational services in the private andgovernment sectors which had a
combined loss of more than 3,500 job. *16 Largest Towns in Vermont
This was due to the closing of schools for
and the trade industries accounted formore than 1,100 new claims. Much of
reflect an annual growth rate of 2.5%. PRICE INDEX -- ALL URBAN CONSUMERS Base Period (1982 - 1984 = 100) Vermont Seasonally Adjusted All Items 168.7 168.3 164.3 Unemployment Rate Percent Change BRIEF EXPLANATION OF THE CPI -The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is ameasure of the average change in prices overtime of a fixed market basket of goods andservices. It is based on prices of food, clothing,Percent 2 shelter, fuels, transportation fares, and otheritems that people buy for day to day living. The CPI shown above represents the U.S. cityaverage and is not seasonally adjusted.There is no separate Consumer Price Indexfor Vermont or any area within the state.Labor Force Estimates (Seasonally Adjusted) Changes from: TOTAL LABOR FORCE1 TOTAL EMPLOYMENT TOTAL UNEMPLOYMENT 1Includes proprietors, professionals, and unpaid family workers. VCM Regression MethodologyLabor Market Areas(Not Seasonally Adjusted) BARRE-MONTPELIER MORRISTOWN-STOWE BENNINGTON-MANCHESTER BURLINGTON RANDOLPH ENOSBURG HARTFORD-LEBANON, VT-NH (Vt portion) ST. JOHNSBURY KEENE-BRATTLEBORO, NH-VT (entire area) SPRINGFIELD MIDDLEBURY STATEWIDE Monthly estimates are preliminary and subject to revision. Detail may not add to totals due to rounding.Vermont Seasonally Adjusted Nonfarm Employment in Thousands Changes From: Vermont Department of Employment & Training in cooperation with the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department ofOnly a limited number of detailed industries are seasonally adjusted. Residual industries cannot be derived from publishedindustries. More detail is unavailable.Seasonal Adjustments based on X-12 Arima method; Factors available upon request.LMI ON THE WEB
If you have bookmarked the Labor Market Information section of the DET home page (on theInternet) you will notice a new address and a revised format. You can now go directly to LMI byusing www.det.state.vt.us/lmi
This section will give you the opportunity to download files as well as see the latest employment,unemployment and wage information.
There has been no change to the address for the Department's home page. Vermont Seasonally Adjusted Job Levels All Industries Manufacturing (Thousands) (Thousands) (Thousands) (Thousands) Average Hours and Earnings of Production and Nonsupervisory Workers Average Weekly Earnings($) Average Weekly Hours Average Hourly Earnings($) Jan. '00 Dec. '99 Jan. '99 Revised Revised STATEWIDE MANUFACTURING 1/ Also includes primary metal prod., transp. equip., scientific & optical inst., and misc. manufacturing. 2/ Also includes textiles, chemicals, leather and leather products.Nonfarm Employment In Vermont(Not Seasonally Adjusted) Compiled by the Department of Employment and Training in cooperation with the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor Changes From: STATEWIDE Nonfarm Employment By Area (Not Seasonally Adjusted) Note: Monthly estimates are preliminary and subject to revision. See Annual Employment & Earnings for details. Benchmark 3/99.Burlington Preliminary Changes From: INDUSTRY GOODS PRODUCING SERVICE PRODUCING Barre-Montpelier GOODS PRODUCING SERVICE PRODUCING GOODS PRODUCING SERVICE PRODUCING DET Program Summary December Percent Change From Last Month Last Year UI Trust Fund Balance $269,669,289 $273,261,052 $246,831,442 UI Regular Benefit Payments* $6,074,831 $3,507,352 $5,291,619 UI Initial Claims UI Weeks Claimed Job Placements New Active Applicants *Includes benefit payments for reimbursable employers.Vermont Department of Labor & Industry Drawer 20 • Montpelier, Vermont 05620-3401 • Tel.: (802) 828-2288 • FAX: (802) 828-2195 Department of Labor & Industry
occupational injury who can performessential functions be able to returnto "full duty" if, because of the
disability, s/he is unable to performmarginal functions of the positionor requires a reasonable accom-
The January fire in St. Johnsbury that left three people dead has prompted
increased interest in rental housing safety. For the past two years, we have made
this issue the Fire Prevention Division’s priority adding staff last year to work
May an employer refuse to return
exclusively on rental housing inspections. We are working with groups who have
to work an employee with a
expressed interest in adopting new legislation in this area. disability-related occupational
Currently, the fifteen Assistant Fire marshals at the department who conduct
injury simply because it assumes,
building inspections cover broad territories and inspect both new and existing
correctly or incorrectly, that s/he
buildings. The plans for all new buildings and all major renovations are reviewed
poses some increased risk of reinjury
at Labor and Industry. Inspectors visit buildings under construction to ensure
and increased workers'
they are being built in accordance with approved plans. They also inspect
completed buildings in order to grant occupancy permits. No, unless an employer can show
Assistant Fire Marshals generally only visit existing buildings without renova-
tions when they receive a complaint from a tenant or a referral from a town official
the position poses a "direct threat."
or local fire department. These inspectors also visit existing buildings where they
are aware of existing fire safety issues that have not been resolved. Often serious
issues are identified as a result of these complaints and the inspectors work with
building owners to resolve the issues.
Because there is no process for identifying and tracking rental units in the state,
fire inspectors are often unaware of the location of rental units and are unable to
work with these landlords to improve fire safety. The ability to locate and inspect
rental units will be an important element of our policy discussions as we move
to devote more resources and time to promoting safety in rental units.
Our goal is to ensure safer housing and to prevent unfortunate deaths from
fire. We look forward to improving fire safety for all Vermonters and hope you
will work with us on this important issue.
perform the essential functions ofthe job, with or without a reasonableaccommodation, unless it can showthat returning the person to theposition poses a "direct threat."
RETURN TO WORK DECISIONS
a disability-related occupationalinjury does not, by itself, indicate
May an employer require that an employee with a disability-related occupational injury be able to return to "full duty" before allowing him/her to return to work? No. The term "full duty" may include marginal as well as essential job direct threat. In some circumstances,
functions or may mean performing job functions without any accommodation.
An employer may not require that an employee with a disability-related
Labor & Industry Example A: CP, a clerk/typist, May an employer refuse to return to work an employee with a disability-related occupational injury simply because of a workers' compensation determination that s/he has a "permanent disability" or is "totally disabled"? No. Workers' compensation laws
has a "disability" or whether s/he is
(i.e., direct threat): (1) her injury was
"permanent total disability," although
Example B: CP, a maintenance
CP's ankles partially heal, she is unable
Under the ADA, is a rehabilitation counselor, physician, or other specialist responsible for deciding whether an employee with a disability-related occupational Additional information can be injury is ready to return to work? found on the U.S. Equal No. The employer bears the Employment Opportunity Commission website (www.eeoc.gov) and in subsequent issues of The Vermont Labor Market newsletter. Department of Employment & Training we help ve P.O. Box 488 • Montpelier, VT 05601-0488 Official Business • Penalty for Private Use $300 ANNOUNCEMENT Vermont New Hire Reporting: A law employers need to know about.
For years, Vermont employers have made valuable contributions in the lives of children through their partnership
with the child support community. Effective October 1, 1998, changes in Vermont child support legislation increasedemployer participation and expedited the wage withholding process by requiring a new hire reporting. New hirereporting is essential to the child support effort. By joining forces, employers and the new hire reporting program canwork together to reduce the burden on Vermont taxpayers and provide a better life for Vermont's children.
This legislation also helps employers by reducing and preventing fraudulent unemployment and workers' compen-
sation payments. The Office of Child Support established a New Hire Help Line to assist employers in complying withthis law. Call toll-free at 1-888-541-0049 or (802) 244-7308 for additional information or to request an "EmployerGuide to New Hire Reporting".
This law requires employers doing business in Vermont to report information on new employees or rehired employees
to the Department of Employment & Training (DET) within 20 days of hire. The required information is:
Employer name, address, and Federal Identification Number; and
Employee name, address, and Social Security Number.
For ease of reporting, employers can submit these reports to DET in several ways.
Mail to DET - New Hire Reporting, P.O. Box 488, Montpelier, VT 05601-0488
The child support enforcement community appreciates the strong partnership that exists today between employers andchild support programs across the country. The real beneficiaries are, of course, the millions of children whose lives aremade more secure because their parents are paying their child support through wage withholding.
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Project ffor D Development and Implementation of Environmental Performance Indicators in Industry Identification of significant environmental Bengt Steen, CPM, Centre of Environmental Assessment of Products and Material Systems, and Dept. of Environmental Systems Analysis, Chalmers University of Identification of significant environmental aspects and their indicators Content