Symptom relief kit

Waterloo Wellington Hospice Palliative Care Network
Symptom Response Kit
Clinical Guidelines (Kit is for emergency purposes only)
Notify the Physician if any of these symptoms develop. Obtain specific orders for each patient if possible.
Dyspnea &

Call physician for opioid orders to relieve discomfort of breathlessness.
Recommended Treatment for Dyspnea and related anxiety
related to
If patient is on opioids, give regular breakthrough doses to treat dyspnea. Starting doses for the opiate naïve patient may be:
Morphine 3-5 mg (0.2-0.33 ml) sc q1h prn Open window, fan blowing air, quiet calm atmosphere Consider oxygen therapy at low flow rate COPD Considerations: Ensure bronchodilators and other concomitant therapies
CHF Considerations: Current cardiac medications should be continued when
implementing dyspnea and other EOL clinical guidelines. Delirium/
Identify possible cause: rectal impaction, urinary retention, an increase in pain, agitation
medications (opioids, corticosteroids), metabolic derangements (diabetes, hypercalcemia), dehydration, hypoxia, infection and brain metastases. Treat the cause if appropriate.
Identify goal of treatment:
Haldol (haloperidol) is used to clear sensorium with minimal sedation
Nozinan (methotrimeprazine) to clear sensorium with some sedation or
Midazolam (versed) (Call physician for orders) if sedation is the primary
goal and/or other treatments failed.
Haldol (haloperidol) 0.5 -1.0 mg (0.1-0.2 ml) sc q4h prn
Notify physician of current pain status and use of analgesics in past 24
hours, to obtain further orders.
Dilaudid (hydromorphone) is 5 times more potent than morphine.
Dexamethasone may be added to manage escalating pain.
Midazolam (Versed) 5 mg sc to treat grand mal seizures (call physician for orders). May repeat q 20 minutes x 3. Transfer to hospital if ineffective. Keep calming environment for patient and family. Terminal
Scopolamine (hyoscine hydrobromide) 0.4 mg sc q4h prn secretions
(most frequently reported adverse effects are dry mouth and drowsiness - may cause or worsen delirium in conscious patients) Periodic mouth care should be done for comfort. If secretions are in the airways and patient is too weak to clear them, try repositioning the patient on their side, with their head slightly lowered for positional drainage. Counsel family that the rattling is normal at this stage (obtunded terminal patients). Scopolamine reduces new secretions, but does not clear existing secretions. Anxiety/
Lorazepam may be useful for mild anxiety but it can cause a worsening of
symptoms in some patients if delirium is the cause (call physician for orders). Revised: Jan 11, 2006 November 12, 2009 REFERENCES

Cancer Care Ontario (CCO). (2009). Draft Delirium Technical Document. pp 5-6.
Doyle, D., Hanks, G., Cherny, N. & Calman, K. (2005). Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine. (3rd Ed.). Ferrell, B.R. & Coyle, N. (2006). Textbook of Palliative Nursing. (2nd Ed.). New York, NY: Oxford Glare, P., Dunwoodie, D., et al. (2008). Treatment of Nausea and Vomiting in Terminally Ill Cancer Patients. Drugs, 68(18), pp 2576-2590. Goodlin, S. J. (2009). Palliative Care in Congestive Heart Failure. Journal of the American College of Jovey, R.D. (Ed.). (2002). Managing Pain: The Canadian Healthcare Professional’s Reference. Toronto, Lanken, P. N., Terry, P.B., et al. (2008). An Official American Thoracic Society Clinical Policy Statement: Palliative Care for Patients with Respiratory Diseases and Critical Illnesses. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 177, 912-927. McCaffrey, M. & Passero, C. (1999). Pain: Clinical Manual. (2nd Ed.). St Louis, MO: Mosby. Pereira, J.L. & Bruyere, E. (2008). The Pallium Palliative Pocketbook. Edmonton, AB: The Pallium Project, Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association. Regional Palliative Care Program, Edmonton, Alberta. Capital Health, Caritas Health Group. (2003). Acute Seizure (Status Epilepticus) Protocol for Pharmacological Management in Palliative Care Patients. Retrieved November 18, 2009 from:. Rocker, G, Sinuff, T.,Horton, R. & Hernandez, P.(2007). Advanced Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Innovative Approaches to Palliation. Journal of Palliative Medicine.10, (3), pp 783-797. Waterloo Region Palliative Care Pain & Symptom Management Program. (2004). Clinical Practice Guidelines. Retrieved November 18, 2009 from:


HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION o Exposure to >15 mL of Rh (D)-positive RBCs (in postpartum prophylaxis and These highlights do not include all the information needed to use obstetric complications/invasive procedures) – Increase the dose based on Rhophylac safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for guidelines for excessive fetomaternal hemorrhage Rhophyl

Part ii-october 2002.pdf

in a Family Practice Residency Training ProgramAdrienne Z. Ables, PharmD; Otis L. Baughman III, MDBackground: According to a recent survey, 27% of 579 family practice residency programs in the UnitedStates employ a full-time clinical pharmacist. The majority of pharmacists’ time is spent teaching, usuallyat the point of care either on inpatient rounds or precepting in the outpatient clinic.

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