MEDICATIONS & DOSAGES FOR HEDGEHOGS formulated by Caroline Gould & Tim Partridge B.V.Sc., M.R.C.V.S.
& used by Vale Wildlife Hospital & Rehabilitation Centre.
DRUG BRAND Dose rate: 75mg/kg bodyweight daily for 7 days. Therefore: Ampicillin Antibiotic 250mg/ml injectable = 0.3mls/kg daily i/m or s/c, injectable & oral preparations 50mg tablets = one & a half tablets/kg daily orally, 125mg tablets = five eighths tablet/kg daily (closest calc. possible). Dose rate: 25mg/kg bodyweight daily for at least 7 days. Therefore: ANTIROBE Clindamycin Antibiotic 25mg capsules = 1 capsule daily. Enrofloxacin Antibiotic Dose rate: 20mg/kg twice daily for at least 7 days. Therefore: (2.5% or 5%) injectable & oral preparations 2.5% Baytril = 0.8mls/kg twice daily (i/m or s/c if inj or), 5% Baytril = 0.4mls/kg twice daily (i/m or s/c if inj.) Bronchodilator & mucolytic Dose rate: 3mg/kg daily. Therefore: BISOLVON Bromhexine injectable & oral preparations 3mgs/ml injection = 1ml/kg daily i/m or s/c for 7-10 days, 10mg/gm powder = 0.3gms/kg daily orally for 7-10 days. Dose rate: 30mg/kg daily for 7 days. Therefore: Cephalexin Antibiotic 180mg/ml injectable = 0.2ml/kg daily i/m or s/c (closest calc), 50mg tablets = half a tablet/kg daily orally (closest calc), 100mg oral syrup = 0.3ml/kg. CLAMOXYL LA Amoxycillin LA Antibiotic Dose rate: 100mg/kg. Therefore, (150mg/ml) injectable 0.7mls/kg bodyweight i/m or s/c every other day. Corticosteroid, anti-inflammatory Inflammation: 1mg/kg = 0.5ml/kg, Shock: 5mg/kg (2.5ml/kg), DEXADRESON Dexamethasone Injectable (i/m, s/c or i/v) (2mgs/ml) & oral preparations Head or spinal trauma: 5mg/kg initially (2.5ml/kg), then 2mg/kg (1ml/kg) s/c twice a day. 1-3mg/kg every 6-8 hours acc to degree of sedation required. DIAZEPAM, VALIUM Diazepam Anticonvulsant Therefore, if using: injectable & oral preparations 5mg/ml injection = 0.2 – 0.6mls/kg i/m or i/v, 5mg tablets = one quarter to one half tablet/kg orally. Diuretic Dose rate: 5-10mg/kg twice daily. Therefore: Frusemide injectable & oral preparations 50mg/ml injectable = 0.1-0.2ml/kg twice daily i/m, s/c or i/v, 20mg tablets = one quarter to half a tablet/kg twice daily orally. Dose rate: 15mg/kg. Repeat in 10-14 days. Therefore: Wormer (tapeworms) 56.8mg/ml injectable = 0.25ml/kg i/m or s/c (closest calc), DRONCIT, DRONTAL Praziquantal injectable & oral preparations 50mg tablets = one third of a tablet/kg orally. Profender Spot-on (cat) = 0.25mls/kg on skin. Dose rate: 50mg/kg twice daily for 7 days. Therefore: Antibiotic 50mg/ml injectable = 1ml/kg twice dailyi/m or s/c for 7 days, ENGEMYCIN Oxytetracycline injectable & oral preparations 50mg tablets = 1 tablet/kg twice daily orally for 7 days, 100mg tablets = half a tablet/kg twice daily orally for 7 days. Dose rate: 40mg/kg daily for 5-10 days. Therefore: Metronidazole Antibacterial / antiprotozoal 5mg/ml injectable = 8mls/kg daily s/c or i/v for 5-10 days, METRONIDAZOLE injectable & oral preparations 200mg tablets = one fifth of a tablet/kg daily orally for 5-10 days, 40mg oral solution = 1ml/kg daily for 5-10 days. 50mg/kg daily for 14 days then reassess, therefore: GRISOL - V Griseofulvin Antifungal Granules = 0.7gms/kg daily orally. Mix 1:50 with water e.g. 5mls Imaverol to 250mls water (or 1ml Imaverol to 50mls water). Spray well & allow to ‘drip dry’. Spray every 3 days until the hog IMAVEROL Enilconazole Antifungal has had 4 sprays. Mixture will keep for 6 weeks. Small handheld houseplant sprayers are ideal for this. Itraconazole 1.5mls/kg daily orally for 7 days, ITRAFUNGOL (1% = 10mgs/ml) Antifungal repeat after a 7 day break. Lungworm: up to 500gm bodyweight = 0.05ml x 3 inj, s/c each 1 week apart. Ivermectin Wormer / parasites (not IVOMEC, PANOMEC (1% = 10mgs/ml) Over 500gm b/w = 0.1ml x 3 inj, s/c each 1 week apart. tapeworms) Also: 7-day course of antibiotics. Mites: 1-3 drops dep. on size directly onto skin on back of neck. Ketoprofen Dose rate: 4mg/ kg = 0.4mls/kg daily i/m, s/c or i/v for up to 3 days. Analgesic / anti-inflammatory (10mgs/ml) DO NOT USE IF CORTICOSTEROID GIVEN Dose rate: 27mgs/kg = 0.35mls/kg daily s/c for 3 days. LEVACIDE Levamisole Wormer (lungworm) Can be repeated after 10 days. (75mgs/ml) WE DO NOT GIVE TO HEDGEHOGS UNDER 400gms MARBOCYLSA, Dose rate: 8mgs/kg daily for at least 7 days. Therefore: MARBOCYL 2% Marbofloxacin Antibiotic SA 1% = 0.8ml/kg daily s/c for at least 7 days, 2% injectable = 0.4ml/kg daily s/c for at least 7 days. Dose rate: 0.5mg/kg for up to 3 days. Therefore: Meloxicam Analgesic / anti-inflammatory 5mgs/ml injection = 0.1mls/kg daily s/c for up to 3 days, injectable & oral preparations 0.5mg/ml oral = 1ml/kg daily for up to 3 days, 1.5mg/ml oral = 0.35ml/kg daily for up to 3 days. Dose rate: 50mg/kg twice daily. Therefore: MILLOPHYLLINE V Etamiphylline Cardiac & respiratory stimulant 140mg/ml injectable = 0.35mls/kg twice daily i/m or s/c, injectable & oral preparations 100mg tablets = half a tablet/kg twice daily orally, 200mg tablets = a quarter of a tablet/kg twice daily orally. 100mg/kg daily for 5 days. Repeat after 10 days. Therefore: Fenbendazole Anthelmintic (wormer) 18.75% Panacur paste = 2 graduations/kg orally, 10% suspension = 1ml/kg orally, 2.5% suspension = 4mls/kg orally. Non-steroidal analgesic / anti- Dose rate: 5mg/kg daily for up to 3 days. Therefore: RIMADYL, Carprofen inflammatory 50mgs/ml injection = 0.1mls/kg daily i/m, s/c or i/v, NOROCARP (50mgs/ml) 20mg tablets = quarter of a tablet/kg daily orally. injectable & oral preparations DO NOT USE IF CORTICOSTEROID GIVEN Dose rate: 100mg/kg daily for at least 7 days. Therefore: Amoxicillin / Clavulanate Antibiotic 175mg/ml injectable = 0.7mls/kg daily i/m or s/c for 7 days, (140mgs/ml) injectable & oral preparations 50mg tablets = 2 tablets/kg daily for 7 days orally, Palatable drops = 2.5mls/kg daily for 7 days orally. MEDICATIONS & DOSAGES FOR HEDGEHOGS formulated by Caroline Gould & Tim Partridge B.V.Sc., M.R.C.V.S.
& used by Vale Wildlife Hospital & Rehabilitation Centre.
100mg/kg orally daily for 5 days. Repeat after 10 days. Therefore, if using: Mebendazole Wormer (lungworm) Telmin granules = 1g/kg daily orally, Telmin 200mg/g paste = 0.5ml/kg daily orally. Butorphanol 0.5mgs/kg = 0.05ml/kg 4 times daily i/m or s/c TORBUGESIC (10mgs/ml) Analgesic for up to 2 days Doses (mg) of total product (trimethoprim + sulph) 60mg/kg. Trimethoprim / 24% injection = 0.25mls/kg daily s/c, TRIBRISSEN Sulphonamide Antibiotic 120mg tablets = half a tablet/kg daily orally, 480mg tablets = one eighth of a tablet/kg daily orally. Dose rate: 20mg/kg daily for 7 days. TYLAN 200 Antibiotic 200mg injectable = 0.1ml/kg daily i/m or s/c. Buprenorphine Dose rate: 0.03-0.05mgs/kg. Therefore: VETERGESIC (0.3mgs/ml) Analgesic & Sedative 0.1-0.15mls/kg every 6 - 12 hours i/m or s/c. CAN BE GIVEN IF CORTICOSTEROID GIVEN Dose rate:3.5mg/kg twice daily for at least 14 days. Therefore: Ranitidine 25mg/ml injectable = 0.15ml/kg twice daily s/c, injectable & oral preparations 15mg syrup = 0.25ml/kg twice daily orally. i/m = intramuscular s/c = subcutaneous i/v = intravenous Oral preparations can often be mixed with a small amount of food. If you need any advice on any of the medications or doses for hedgehogs please contact Caroline on 01386 882288 or email [email protected]
If you own a bull terrier, you know that they will eat anything their little heart’s desire. Coins, buttons, rocks, socks, earrings, blankets, stuffed toys, and wastebasket contents (especially in the bathroom) are all treats for your bull terrier. Dental floss, dental plaquers, (mint flavor, yummy) underwear, diapers, you name it, the list is endless. So how does one know when to be concerned?
Email: [email protected]—Recently, several research papers in the area ofcertainly are not as fundamental to humankind such as, forinformation security were published that may or may not beexample, stem cell research or other issues in natural science,considered unethical. Looking at these borderline cases is relevantwe still feel the need to address these ethica